iv_g (iv_g) wrote,


Пл. 2382 тыс. км2. Hac. 20,1 млн. чел. (1981, оценка). Cтолица - Aлжир (Эль-Джазаир).
Cтруктура ВВП страны (1979,%): c. x-во, включая лесное x-во, охоту и рыболовство, 6,5; горнодоб. пром-сть 28,2; обрабатывающая 11,8; стр-во 13,4; торговля 13,5; транспорт и связь 4,7; прочие 21,9. Произ-во электроэнергии в 1981 составило 7700 млн. кВт·ч. B структуре топливно-энергетич. баланса (1980) 54% приходится на нефть, 44% на газ, 2% на уголь. Протяжённость жел. дорог (1981) ок. 3,9 тыс. км, автомобильных - ок. 92 тыс. км, в т.ч. асфальтированных ок. 47 тыс. км. Oбщий грузооборот мор. портов (1981) 60 млн. т; наиболее крупные порты - Беджаия, Арзев, Aлжир, Aннаба, Oран.

Топографическая карта

Figure 1 : Geography of Algeria


Figure 2 : Geological units of Algeria


Figure 4 : Algeria Geology


Карта месторождений газа в Алжире



Natural Gas
According to Oil and Gas Journal (OGJ), Algeria had 159 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of proven natural gas reserves (the eighth-largest natural gas reserves in the world) as of January 2009. Algeria's largest gas field is Hassi R'Mel, discovered in 1956 and holding proven reserves of about 85 Tcf. Hassi R'Mel accounts for about a quarter of Algeria's total dry natural gas production. The remainder of Algeria's natural gas reserves come from associated (they occur alongside crude oil reserves) and non-associated fields in the south and southeast regions of the country.

The country produced 3.03 Tcf of dry natural gas in 2007, and is the sixth-largest natural gas producer in the world and the second largest among OPEC-member countries after Iran. Algeria consumed 0.93 Tcf of dry natural gas in 2007. The remaining natural gas is exported, much of it going to Europe and some to the United States.
Algeria's dry natural gas exports totaled 2.10 Tcf in 2007, down slightly from 2.17 Tcf in 2006.

Liquefied Natural Gas

Algeria's LNG exports currently make up about one-third of the country's total natural gas exports and are expected to increase in the mid-term, when the Skikda plant comes back online. About 898 Bcf of LNG was exported in 2007, compared with 844 Bcf in 2006. Most of Algeria's LNG exports go to Europe: about 729 Bcf in 2007 compared with 800 Bcf in 2006.

With the start-up of the Arzew GL4Z plant in 1964, Algeria became the world's first producer of liquefied natural gas (LNG). Algeria is the fourth largest exporter of LNG (behind Indonesia, Malaysia and Qatar), exporting around 11 percent of the world's total in 2006.




The following maps were produced by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, unless otherwise indicated.

Country Maps
Algeria (Political) 2001 (218K) and pdf format (221K)
Algeria (Political) 1979 (194K) and pdf format (197K)
Algeria (Shaded Relief) 2001 (240K) and pdf format (236K)
Algeria (Shaded Relief) 1979 (216K) and pdf format (219K)
Algeria (Small Map) 2010 (13K)
Algeria: Administrative Divisions 2001 (159K)

City Maps
Algiers U.S. Dept. of State 1984 (66K)
Algiers original scale 1:25,000 U.S. Army Map Service 1965 (422K)
Oran U.S. Dept. of State 1984 (86K)
Algeria City Plans U.S. Army Map Service, 1942-1943

Topographic Maps
1:2,000,000 - Africa Topographic Maps
Sheets 1, 3, 6, 7 and 8 cover parts of Algeria
1:1,000,000 - International Map of the World U.S. Army Map Service.
Covers parts of Algeria. Clickable map
1:250,000 - North Africa Topographic Maps, Series P502 U.S. Army Map Service, 1954-

Thematic Maps
Algeria - Economic Activity from Map No. 78692 1971 (154K)
Algeria - Population from Map No. 78692 1971 (82K)
Algeria - Tribes from Map No. 78692 1971 (113K)
Tags: Алжир, Африка, Африка северная, география, геология, диаграмма, диаграмма добыча, запасы диаграмма, картa, месторождение, обзор страны, статистика, углеводороды
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