January 31st, 2012

Нефть: откуда и куда

24.06.2011
The U.S. population is now 311.6 million or roughly 4.5% of the world's population (6.9 billion). Oil producing nations produce 85.4 million barrels of crude oil per day. The world presently consumes 85.8 million barrels per day. There is a shortage of 400,000 barrels of oil per day.

If every nation in the world was consuming oil at the same rate, then the U.S. should be consuming 3,856,614 barrels per day (calculated by multipying the total world's oil consumption of 85.8 million barrels by 4.5%). However, in actuality the U.S. actually consumes 19.5 million barrels of oil per day, or roughly 23% of total world oil consumption. 71% of the oil consumed by Americans is used for transportation--just for getting around or transporting things in our cars, trucks, buses, trains, ships and planes.

The U.S. produces only 10% of the world's oil, yet we consume 23% of the world's oil, so it is necessary for us to import the other 13%, or roughly 11,154,000 barrels per day, from outside the country At the end of 2010, the price per barrel of crude oil was about $90. The U.S. paid $400 billion for its imported oil.

Passenger cars use more than 40 percent of the oil consumed in America today. That's roughly 7.8 million barrels of oil per day or 2.881 billion barrels of oil per year. Drivers spent $186 billion on gas fuel in 2010. Without vehicle fuel economy improvements, Americans will spend an estimated $260 billion in 2020 on gasoline.

If we replaced just 10% or 25.4 million of our passenger vehicles with hybrids and electric vehicles or converted those vehicles so they could run on natural gas (a fuel we have in abundance, and sufficient enough to last os 100-200 years), reduced highway speed limits to 55 mph, improved gas mileage per gallon only 3-mpg, and drivers took public transportation or mass transit, we could reduce imported oil by approximately $40-45 billion per year (assuming a price of $90 per barrel of oil).



http://tommytoy.typepad.com/tommy-toy-pbt-consultin/2011/06/oil-primer-where-the-worlds-oil-is-produced-and-where-it-is-consumed-.html

The Bahrain Petroleum Company: обзор компании


http://iv-g.livejournal.com/502027.html

BAPCO, wholly owned by the Government of Bahrain, is engaged in the oil industry including exploration and prospecting for oil, drilling, production, refining, distribution of petroleum products and natural gas, sales and exports of crude oil and refined products.
The company owns a 250,000 barrel-a-day refinery, storage facilities for more than 14 million barrels, a marketing terminal, and a marine terminal for its petroleum products.



Key Dates
1929 BAPCO established by Standard Oil Company of California
1932 First oil discovery
1934 First shipment of crude oil
1936 The Bahrain Refinery - with a capacity of 10,000 barrels per day - opened
1945 A-B pipeline laid between Bahrain and Saudi Arabia; then the world's longest commercial submarine pipeline
1948 Discovery of natural gas
1968 Bahrain Refinery expansion programme completed with 250,000 barrel-a-day capacity
1976 Incorporation of the Bahrain National Oil Company (BANOCO)
1980 Establishment of Supreme Council for Oil under the chairmanship of
H.H. Shaikh Khalifa bin Salman Al-Khalifa, the Prime Minister
1980 The Petroleum Marketing Unit is set up in the Ministry of Development & Industry with the aim of marketing the Government's 60% share of products from the Bahrain Refinery
1981 BAPCO reconstituted as a joint venture refining company owned 60% by the Bahrain Government and 40% by Caltex
1982 BANOCO assumes full and direct responsibility for production of oil and gas from Bahrain field
1983 The Petroleum Marketing Unit integrated into BANOCO to form the International Marketing Department
1985 Incorporation of Bahrain Aviation Fuel Company (BAFCO) in which BANOCO shares 60%, Caltex 27% and BP 13%
1994 The Bahrain Refinery awarded ISO 9002 Certification from British Standards Institution (BSi)
1997 The Bahrain Government assumes 100% ownership of the Bahrain Refinery
1999 The new BAPCO is formed following the merger between The Bahrain Petroleum Company B.S.C. and The Bahrain National Oil Company
2000 Start of petroleum products in-line blending and introduction of unleaded gasoline to the local market
2001 Kerosene Merox units commissioned as part of the Refinery Modernisation Plan
2002 Launch of new Bapco Strategic Directions
2004 Contract signed to execute Low Sulphur Diesel Production Project
2005 US$1.1 billion financing secured for investment programme
2007 Start-up of Low Sulphur Diesel Production complex
http://www.bapco.com.bh/default.asp?action=category&id=28

BAPCO News

2009 Annual Review

http://www.bapco.com.bh/default.asp?action=category&id=129
http://www.bapco.com.bh/media/pdf/ar%202009_en.pdf

Рынки сбыта иранской нефти


http://www.rbcdaily.ru/2012/01/24/tek/562949982599219

Ранее
Основные направления экспорта иранской нефти и газа

25.01.2012
В понедельник Европейский Союз договорился о введении с первого июля эмбарго на импорт иранской нефти и о заморозке активов иранского Центробанка.

Но представители ЕС и британские официальные лица вместе с базирующейся в Лондоне нефтяной компанией ВР считают, что гигантский проект по добыче натурального газа в Азербайджане должен быть вызволен из петли.

Каспийское месторождение под названием Шах-Дениз, разрабатываемое ВР, обладает, по разным оценкам, примерно шестью миллиардами баррелей природного газа и газового конденсата в нефтяном эквиваленте. К 2019 году ВР планирует выйти на максимальный ежегодный объем экспорта в 25 миллиардов кубических метров газа.

Загвоздка заключается в том, что государственная иранская компания Naftiran Intertrade владеет 10% акций месторождения, потому она должна получить неплохую сумму наряду с ВР и другими акционерами.
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24.01.2012
Действительно, для Ирана новости являются неприятными. Продажа нефти за рубеж является главным источником доходов страны - на нее приходится около 90 процентов валютной выручки. Санкции и направлены прежде всего против нефтяной торговли Тегерана, остальные их статьи носят сугубо второстепенный характер.

Уже сейчас экономика и финансовая система Ирана остро ощущают трудности, связанные с эмбарго, хотя оно еще даже не вступило в действие. Курс риала опустился с начала года на 20 процентов. Легально иностранную валюту в стране стало купить непросто после того, как правительство запретило торговать ею за пределами специальных обменных пунктов. Это еще сильнее подогревает черный рынок.
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